Dandruff: Causes, Impacts, and Solutions

Excerpts from an article by Dr. Anjali Mahto on dandruff, its psychological effects on self esteem and quality of life, and some good solutions.

Many customers find our RevivScalp Rejuvenating Scalp Serum Masque can tremendously help their scalp health, and regulate excessive sebum that is one of the root causes of dandruff. While the product is not a dandruff treatment per se (which are categorized as a monographed OTC product in the United States), RevivScalp may very well help with such flakes and itching.

Excerpts from the article:

According the NHS website, dandruff is estimated to affect half of all people at some point in their lives. What causes dandruff and why is it so common?

Dandruff is a common chronic scalp [issue] that is characterised by flaking of the skin of the scalp. As skin cells die, they are shed from the scalp surface. For some people, however, excessive flaking occurs, resulting in dandruff.

Dandruff can have several causes. Dry skin is usually the most common cause and individuals are likely to get patches of dry skin elsewhere on the body. This can often become worse in the winter months due to aggravation by indoor heating such as radiators. Certain skin diseases can be a cause of dandruff, such as seborrhoeic dermatitis, eczema, and even psoriasis. Allergy or sensitivity to shampoos and hair dyes may also be a causative factor. Occasionally, overgrowth of a fungus known as Malassezia may be contributing to the problem.

Please can you outline the recent anonymous survey conducted by the British Skin Foundation (BSF) in conjunction with anti-dandruff shampoo manufacturers, Head & Shoulders (H&S)? What were the main aims?

A recent joint survey aimed to look at the potential psychological distress that can be caused by dandruff. Over 350 people were interviewed and their views were collated.

What were the main findings of this survey?

73% of respondents said it made them feel less attractive
20% claimed the condition had resulted in them being bullied and receiving verbal abuse
72% had tried to hide their condition from someone e.g. friends, partners
more than a third admitted to avoiding a social situation on one or more occasion due to their dandruff

Why do you think poor scalp health sometimes has a negative impact on quality of life and self-esteem?

Dandruff, like many skin conditions, can lead to low self-esteem. Patients that suffer may feel embarrassed that their dandruff is viewed as a sign of poor grooming or uncleanliness by others. If they have symptoms of itching, this can result in anxiety, poor sleep and lack of concentration.

Patients may become socially withdrawn and refuse to participate in normal daily activities due to these factors propagating the negative self-image.

What are the best ways to treat dandruff and the emotional distress caused by it?

Mild to moderate dandruff can usually be controlled with shampoos but often treatments take time to work and require persistence and maintenance. Shampoos must be left on the scalp for at least 5 minutes before they are rinsed out to give them time to work. The commonly used agents in shampoos are:

zinc pyrithione - this is an antibacterial and antifungal agent that will reduce the level of Malassezia in the scalp, which is thought to contribute to dandruff and seborrhoeic dermatitis
coal tar based shampoos - coal tar will help slow down the production of dead skin cells
salicylic acid - this aids in eliminating scaling in the scalp
selenium sulphide - this will slow production of dead skin cells and also reduce Malassezia levels. It can, however, discolour the hair, and is not recommended for blonde or chemically coloured hair.
Ketoconazole - this also works by reducing fungal levels

If dandruff is related to eczema or sensitivity to products being used in the scalp, your doctor may prescribe a steroid lotion to be used for short periods of time.

Is it necessary to use an anti-dandruff shampoo?

It is important to wash the hair regularly to remove any excess scaling that builds up, ideally with an anti-dandruff shampoo. For some individuals, even though dandruff will clear, they may require a once or twice weekly maintenance treatment to reduce the frequency with which it may recur.

What is seborrheic dermatitis and how does it differ from dandruff?

Seborrhoeic dermatitis is one of several causes of dandruff. It can also cause scaly red, patches on the skin that tend to affect oily areas such as the face, upper back, and chest. The skin can occasionally be itchy with visible yellowish scale. In infants, it is the cause of cradle cap.

What do you think the future holds for dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis research and treatments?

Firstly, I think that more time and research will be spent looking at what exactly causes dandruff and how this is linked to changes in the immune system, particularly in relation to Malassezia.

Potential trigger factors for dandruff and how these may be minimised in addition to novel new treatments are a growing area of interest.

Lastly, it is becoming increasingly apparent that skin conditions such as this have a profound effect on the psyche of the sufferer and studies in the field of “psychodermatology” are much needed.

What advice would you give someone suffering from emotional distress from dandruff?

Please do not suffer in silence and speak to your GP or dermatologist if your dandruff is causing psychological distress. They will be sympathetic and can refer you to a clinical psychologist if needed.

We are increasing beginning to acknowledge the link between mind and skin and only too aware of the long-term effects chronic skin disease can have on the psyche.

Where can readers find more information?

Speak to your GP or dermatologist if you have any on-going concerns about how to manage dandruff. There is good online information available from the American Academy of Dermatology, British Association of Dermatologists, National Eczema Society, and Dermnet.

Full article here: http://www.news-medical.net/news/20150728/Does-dandruff-cause-psychological-distress-An-interview-with-Dr-Anjali-Mahto.aspx?utm_source=strongmail&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=NewTrendTuesdayeNewsletter

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All about CRESSATINE® in RevivScalp™ and how it can help encourage hair growth


CRESSATINE is a primary component of our RevivScalp Rejuvenating Scalp Serum Masque. CRESSATINE is a novel aqueous extract of watercress (Nasturtium officinale) and Indian cress (Tropaeolum majus) leaves and shoots, stabilized with plant glycerin, and is ECOCERT qualified.

Excerpts from its specification documentation, prepared by its manufacturer, France-based Solabia:

Titrated with sulfur, CRESSATINE is designed to facilitate hair growth and strengthen hairs from the root: 

- by providing the elements (sulfur and other minerals) needed to produce keratin for solid, well-structured hair.
- by helping initiate hair regrowth via the Wnt pathway.
- by stimulating keratinocyte differentiation via the KGFs (keratinocyte growth factors) released when the Wnt/β-catenin pathway is activated.
- by prolonging the growth phase using the Wnt pathway and KGFs.

ACTIVATION OF WNT/ ß-CATENIN SIGNALING PATHWAY

CRESSATINE was shown to boost the activation of WNT / ß-CATENIN signaling pathway by 37% vs. control:



CRESSATINE chart boost of Wnt / β-catenin pathway, regeneration and growth of hair



STIMULATION OF KGF PRODUCTION

CRESSATINE® significantly stimulates KGF production, by 107% vs. control, and in a dose-dependent manner, which in turn stimulates the keratinocytes, causes a well- structured hair to be produced, and lengthens the anagen phase:

CRESSATINE in RevivScalp boosts KGF causes a well-structured hair to be produced, lengthens anagen phase

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Is RevivHair Max Serum a cosmetic or a drug?

RevivHair Max Hair Stimulating Serum is a cosmetic. As a cosmetics company, we are legally bound by U.S. FDA rules and regulations. And the FDA's definition of a cosmetic: a product that is "for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance" and does not "affect the structure or any function of the body" which would make the product a "drug."

When developing products we often have to walk a fine line when it comes to formulating for efficacy and marketing claims. We cannot say that, for instance, a product "will grow hair." We have to be very specific about terminology. In fact, in general we don't use any specific claims for a particular product. Any claim verbiage we use is strictly related to the individual raw ingredients we utilize, and we use only major manufacturer data -- who are also under U.S. FDA regulations about what they can claim and what they cannot. Our manufacturer claim data is legitimate, bonafide, and accurate (and googleable).

So while we of course cannot say that RevivHair will "grow hair," we can say it may very well help provide the optimal environment for strong, healthy, thick looking hair. That may sound like marketing gobbledygook, but it's the law.

But what about "cosmeceuticals?" Aren't they a "drug?" From our colleagues at The Chemist Corner:


One other classification of products is cosmeceuticals. The oft-controversial but significant contributor to our field, dermatologist Dr. Albert Kligman, coined the term cosmeceutical almost 30 years ago. He defined cosmeceuticals as topically applied products that do have a physiological effect on the skin. The industry was quick to respond because the potential regulation of cosmetics as drugs could cripple innovation due to time and cost. Kligman, however, intended to draw attention to the potential biological effects of all cosmetics that did not just merely camouflage or add color. In fact he said it was “scientifically silly to pretend that cosmetics did not do anything” and that cosmetics might actually be doing a lot of good.

The term cosmeceutical is not recognized as part of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. But whether you agree or disagree, this term has become part of our consumer’s vernacular. The controversy and conversation the term has created remains, in my mind, one of Kligman’s great contributions to cosmetic science.

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Interior Design for your skin and hair | nutritional products can work from the inside out to improve the dermis and follicles

Skin and hair wellness is more than just taking care of your outward appearance, although that's important of course. We at RevivSerums.com believe it also has a lot to do with what you put in your body. Nutritional products can help improve and beautify skin and hair from the inside out.

Excerpts from a great article on the subject from our friends at Happi:

Açai berries are said to prevent premature aging and wrinkles. Turmeric has anti-inflammatory benefits due to a high concentration of the antioxidant curcumin. Mushrooms are utilized in various formulations to help heal wounds.

Increasingly, the beauty industry is acknowledging the benefits of “inside out” nutritional products. In Hollywood, celebrities like Gwyneth Paltrow, Kourtney Kardashian and Jennifer Aniston are said to be proponents of skin supplementation.

In 2014, the total beauty from within category (nutricosmetics) totaled $325.9 million in sales, according to recent data from Euromonitor. Beauty from within beverages accounted for $270 million in sales, while beauty from within packaged foods brought in $55.9 million in sales.
...
Foti noted that DHA is one of the most sought after nutrients promising glowing beauty, among other health benefits. It is found in fatty fish oil such as salmon and mackerel, and is said to improve acne and eczema. Primrose oil, which is extracted from the seeds of an African native wild flower, has also been found to enhance skin health, she told Happi.

Read more here:  http://www.happi.com/issues/2015-05-01/view_features/interior-design

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